Igor Stravinsky, musician
June 17, 1882-April 6, 1971
Lives of the Musicians: Good Times, Bad Times (and What the Neighbors Thought) by Kathleen Krull, illustrated by Kathryn Hewitt (Harcourt, 1993)
A Russian-American composer, Stravinsky wrote The Rite of Spring. He is known as one of the only composers to realize overnight success.
For more about Stravinsky, read the article on The TIME 100 site.