Golda Meir, political leader
May 3, 1898-Dec. 8, 1978
Lives of Extraordinary Women: Rulers, Rebels (and What the Neighbors Thought) by Kathleen Krull, illustrated by Kathryn Hewitt (Harcourt, 2000)
One of the founders of the State of Israel as well as serving at its Prime Minister for five years, Meir made a remarkable contribution to Israel and the world.
The Jewish Virtual Library posts a bio of Meir on their site.