Vincent Van Gogh, artist
Mar. 30, 1853-July 29, 1890
Lives of the Artists: Masterpieces, Messes (and What the Neighbors Thought) by Kathleen Krull, illustrated by Kathryn Hewitt (Harcourt, 1995)
Van Gogh was the artist who cut off his ear and drank a lot of coffee, although the two were not related. Even though he was extraordinarily productive, he never saw acclaim in his lifetime.
Hop over to the WebMuseum, Paris to read about Van Gogh and see images of his work.